Tag Archives: Post Grant Review / PGR

Ignore Occam’s Razor at your Peril

In IPR 2015-01127, PAR Pharmaceuticals, challenged claims 1-11 of USPN 8,404,215 owned by Horizon Therapeutics, LLC on grounds of obviousness over various combinations of six references.  Lupin Ltd. and Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. filed another challenge to the claims of the ‘215 patent on the same grounds using the same arguments and evidence as used by … Continue Reading

Patent Office Proposes to Increase AIA Trial Fees

In the October 3, 2016, Federal Register, the Patent Office published a notice of proposed rulemaking to adjust various fees the Office charges for its services, including 18% to 56% increases for AIA trial fees (as shown below). According to the notice, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board has received more than 4,700 AIA trial … Continue Reading

Federal Circuit Affirms PTAB Upholding Patent Claims

In what has been a rare outcome to date, the Federal Circuit in Apotex v. Wyeth, dkt. no. 2015-1871 (Fed. Cir. Aug. 16, 2016) affirmed in a non-precedential decision the PTAB’s final written decision in IPR2014-00115 that the challenged claims were not unpatentably obvious over three references.  At trial, the PTAB found that Apotex did … Continue Reading

Federal Circuit Reaffirms that Phillips applies when Patent has expired

It is well accepted that the broadest reasonable interpretation (BRI) standard, which the PTO employs during patent examination, and not the Phillips standard applied in district court proceedings, is generally the proper standard to be used when interpreting claims in Post-Grant proceedings such as IPRs and reexamination proceedings.  However, in In Re CSB-System International, Inc., … Continue Reading

Priority Claims Unchallenged In Prosecution Can Be Weak Links

IPR2015-00291 decided a petition filed by Daiichi Sankyo Co. Ltd. against USPN 8,168,181 owned by Alethia Biotherapeutics, Inc.  The ‘181 patent issued from a continuation-in-part of the U.S. national phase of a PCT application and contains claims drawn to methods of impairing osteoclast differentiation, useful in treating various bone diseases.  The Board denied the Patent … Continue Reading

The Three-Front Assault: PeroxyChem Uses IPR, PGR and District Court to Challenge Opponent

In what could become a common patent challenge strategy, PeroxyChem, a chemical company that sells products useful in water and soil remediation, has employed a three-front assault—combining the relatively young post-grant review procedure, with an IPR and litigation–to take on one of its competitors, Innovative Environmental Technologies (IET).  Litigation together with an IPR has become … Continue Reading

“It’s a Bird, It’s a Plane, NO it’s a Granted Motion to Amend.”

We previously reported the May 9, 2016, Patent Office’s study that the PTAB rarely grants motions to amend.  There, we explained that patent owners rarely file motions to amend and, even when such motions are filed, the PTAB rarely grants such motions. Last week, in Google Inc. and Apple Inc., v. ContentGuard Holdings, Inc., Case … Continue Reading

Status Report on IPR Statistics for the Biotech/Pharma Technology Center

On June 30, 2016, lead APJ Jacqueline Wright Bonilla provided a status report on Inter Partes Review/Post Grant Review in the Biotechnology and Chemical Technology Center 1600 during the Biotechnology/Chemical/Pharmaceutical Customer Partnership (BCP) Conference.  The statistics discussed during this BCP Conference are current as of May 31, 2016. … Continue Reading

PTAB Provides Procedural Guidance with Five Precedential Opinions

Update: The Supreme Court issued a decision on April 20, 2020  holding that the patent statute (35 U.S.C. § 314(d)) bars judicial review of a PTAB decision of whether an inter partes review petition is time-barred pursuant to 35 USC 315(b). As stated by the Court, the PTAB’s “application of §315(b)’s time limit, we hold, is … Continue Reading

Trial Verdict Means Time Has Run Out to Get a Stay

Federal district courts are inclined to stay patent litigations when requested by patent challengers on the basis that the patent-in-suit is undergoing an AIA review proceeding at the USPTO; and those not so inclined, specifically in the Eastern District of Texas, have been corrected by the Federal Circuit. But this favorable disposition toward stays occurs … Continue Reading

Motion(s) to Amend (Almost Always) Denied!

Responsive to public interest in whether it is too difficult for Patent Owners to amend claims during PTAB Trials, the Patent Office recently published a study providing aggregate data about motions to amend filed with the PTAB since its inception in 2013.  The study, which was published by PTAB Chief Judge Nathan Kelly in the … Continue Reading

Supporting Evidence, Not Counter-Punching, May Be Needed In An IPR

In IPR2015-01537, Momenta petitioned for IPR of claims 1-15 of U.S. Patent No. 8,476,239 owned by Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS) on grounds of obviousness over three references: Cohen, Shire, and Carpenter.  Petitioner also relied on expert testimony.  The claims recite formulations containing CTLA4Ig, which is a stabilized form of a negative regulator (checkpoint inhibitor) of the … Continue Reading

PTAB Grants Motion to Amend Claims

In IPR2015-00208, Shinn Fu petitioned for IPR of USPN 6,681,897 owned by Tire Hanger.  All five claims of the patent were drawn to methods of supporting vehicle wheels removed from a vehicle while on a service lift, wherein the supports would allow technicians to remove and replace the wheels without risking back injury by bending.  … Continue Reading

Avoid Stumbling Before You Get To The Merits Of A PTAB Appeal

In Harmonic Inc. v. Avid Technology, Inc., the Federal Circuit concluded that the PTAB’s practice of denying IPR institution on redundant grounds is appropriate.  The Court’s decision is important because it should counsel prospective petitioners to carefully select grounds on which to petition review and offer an explanation in the petition as to why multiple … Continue Reading

One Post-AIA Claim Risks PGR For All Claims

In its seventh PGR institution, the PTAB recently decided for the first time that a patent asserting a pre-AIA effective filing date was eligible for post-grant review because it contained at least one claim that was only entitled to a post-AIA effective filing date.  Although some claims were entitled to a pre-AIA effective filing date, … Continue Reading

PTO Requests Congress Change AIA Proceedings

As required by the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act, the PTO issued a report to Congress in September  summarizing implementation of the AIA  in the four years since the Act went into effect. The report  proposes recommended changes to the law that the PTO would like to see enacted. A full copy of the report is … Continue Reading

IPO Annual Meeting Panel Spars Over Fairness of Current IPR System

Welcome to all of you who are new readers joining us from the IPO Annual Meeting (#IPOAM15). I hope that your time in Chicago was enjoyable and that you will add us to your RSS feeds or bookmark the blog and return often. For those who were unable to attend, the Tuesday panel titled “Post … Continue Reading

Petitioners Should Heed the PTAB’s Preference for Corroborated Witness Testimony

In its third PGR institution decision, the PTAB provided its first guidance regarding witness testimony to support a showing of prior public use or sale in PGRs.  The decision is a cautionary tale that the PTAB strongly prefers corroboration of witness testimony, much like the corroboration required during interference proceedings.  This is not a surprise, … Continue Reading

Put Away The Blunderbuss – Attention to Detail and Thoroughness Are Needed in Preparing an IPR Petition

Boehringer Ingelheim filed three petitions attacking patents generally drawn to methods of treating RA patients with rituximab.  The decisions on two of those petitions, i.e., IPR2015-00415 and IPR2015-00417, have been addressed elsewhere.  In IPR2015-00418, the PTAB declined to institute an IPR on the petition’s challenges to the lone claim of U.S. Patent No. 8,329,172, drawn … Continue Reading

Grinning Patentees Get A Mulligan

Filed concurrently with the petitions at issue in IPR2015-00417 and IPR2015-00418, Boehringer Ingelheim filed the petition at issue in IPR2015-00415 seeking review of U.S. Patent No. 7,820,161 owned by Genentech and Biogen Idec.  The Board’s institution decision steadily whittled down Boehringer’s varied attacks on the patent.  Ultimately, IPR was granted on 2 of the 36 … Continue Reading

PTAB Review Reform in Bill Approved by Senate Committee

Late June 2, the Senate Judiciary Committee released a new version of its Protecting American Talent and Entrepreneurship (PATENT) Act, S. 1137.  In response to prodding by industry groups, the bill now includes reforms directed at preventing abuse of the Patent Office’s post-grant proceedings, IPRs and PGRs, against patent owners The bill is here.… Continue Reading
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